Alarms about poor preparation for the 2020 Census are ringing throughout the nation, however maybe no louder than in California. The Golden State, with virtually 39 million residents, has the most important stake in a good and correct census.
The U.S. Structure requires a brand new rely of the inhabitants each 10 years. It’s an enormous enterprise, involving greater than a decade of planning, elaborate exams of latest counting strategies, in depth outreach to a extra numerous and cellular inhabitants, and hiring a short lived workforce of greater than half one million to contact those that fail to self-reply.
However to date, Congress has severely underfunded preparations for the 2020 Census by lots of of tens of millions of dollars.
The census is greater than a head rely. The framers meant it to make sure the truthful allocation of political energy. Inhabitants knowledge from the census are used for the reapportionment of congressional seats and the redistricting of California’s state and native authorities political districts.
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Census data also guide $87 billion annually in federal funds to the Golden State. These funds are for such vital needs as Medicaid and Medicare (Part B), Head Start, school lunch programs, highways and transportation and housing assistance. All depend on the census count.
Census data are used in civil rights and voting rights enforcement. The information is used to protect access to the ballot, to monitor discrimination and to examine economic equality.
Today the Census Bureau’s annual budget sits stalled at last year’s level because of a continuing resolution passed by Congress and signed by President Donald Trump. The administration and Congress have yet to act on more funding.
California is more than the largest state, it is the most diverse state in the nation. For the Census Bureau, whose job is to count and place every resident of our state, the challenge in California may be greater than anywhere else in the nation.
Latinos are one of the fastest growing population groups in California. They represent about 40 percent of the population and increased by 9 percent since the last census.
Nationally, Latinos have one of the highest undercounts of any population group in the census So, one of the largest, growing segments of California’s population is going to be one of the most difficult to count in the next census.
Historically, the Census Bureau put serious resources into neighborhoods with large communities of color. This trend is now threatened by insufficient funding.
In California at least 25 percent of residents, or 9.7 million people, are in localities the Census Bureau calls “Hard-to-Count” tracts. Communities of color make up a large portion of these tracts. In California, 38 percent of African Americans, 34 percent of Latinos and 19 percent of Asians live in Hard-To-Count areas, according to the Census Bureau.
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Californians cannot afford to wait until 2020 to protect our stake in the national head count. The time to send an alarm to Washington, D.C. is now.
The Trump Administration recently asked Congress to increase funding for the Census Bureau in 2018 by $187 million to make up for past underinvestment. We believe the appropriate increase is closer to $400 million to get started in outreach, partnership and testing of new operations that hope to ensure a complete, fair and accurate count.
We encourage readers to contact their U.S. Senators and Congressional Representatives now, before the final 2018 funding bill is considered this month. Our state has too much at stake for the next decade to settle for anything less.
Dr. John Dobard is manager of Political Voice, Advancement Project California, a multiracial civil rights organization. Arturo Vargas is executive director of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) Educational Fund.