Mount Umunhum: Agency grants property rights to Indian tribe


LOS ALTOS — In a controversial and probably precedent-setting transfer, the Midpeninsula Regional Open Area Company Board of Administrators voted unanimously Wednesday night time to grant property rights at Mount Umunhum to the Amah Mutsun Tribal Band.

The so-referred to as cultural conservation easement supplies the tribe everlasting rights recorded on the deed to 36 acres as soon as occupied by the Almaden Air Drive Station — an space that features the previous radar tower constructing, parking zone, restrooms, scenic overlook and street.

Underneath the settlement, the tribe might be allowed to construct a backyard in a flat space that was as soon as used for base housing and different buildings, and may maintain as much as six ceremonies a yr on the summit the place the general public is excluded, in line with a memorandum of understanding.

As well as, the tribe can apply to construct a roundhouse for instructional and ceremonial functions.

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Valentin Lopez, chairman of the Amah Mutsun, told the board the agreement is the first of its kind.

“It is historical and it is wonderful,” Lopez said, “but it is sad. We’re in 2017, and this is the first time that the Ohlone and the Amah Mutsun are having a voice to speak for a sacred site of theirs. That hasn’t happened anywhere else.”

The Amah Mutsun is made up of about 600 descendants of Ohlone Indians, who once inhabited the area south of San Jose, and now largely live in Central Valley towns.

In an interview following the board’s decision, Lopez said the agreement provides a mechanism for the Amah Mutsun and other tribes across the country to protect sacred sites.

“This guarantees that we’ll have access to Mount Umunhum in perpetuity,” Lopez said. “Our people prayed at Mount Umunhum for 15,000 years and then we were removed from it for 200 years. But this allows us to return.”

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Steve Abbors, the open space agency’s general manager, sees the agreement as a way to right a historical wrong. Lopez’s ancestors were decimated after Spanish explorers began settling California in the 1700s. They ended up at Mission San Juan Bautista and Mission Santa Cruz, with many tribal members dying from disease and mistreatment.

“What it means to the district is that we are going to be able to have a formal partnership with a Native American tribe in a place that we learned through the process of opening Mount Umunhum was a very sacred site of theirs,” Abbors said after the vote. “We felt a responsibility that we hadn’t felt before because we didn’t know that.”

Skeptics of the agreement, however, say the agency is risking exposing taxpayers to future lawsuits, and limits on public use, along with financial liability. The agreement also bans any future changes to the radar tower building, such as a museum to honor military veterans who served there during the Cold War, which has caused some controversy.

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Basim Jaber, a San Jose historian who has studied Mount Umunhum’s history for years and worked with veterans who served there, urged the board to exclude the iconic structure from the easement.

“Don’t mix the two up,” Jaber said. “Let the future decide what happens to that tower.”



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